The grand life which we are living today is the result of the optimal experiments done by intelligent scientists. Although most of the successful experiments have benefitted the world in one way or the other but on the other hand, there were some experiments that could have destroyed the world.
1. Kola Superdeep Borehole
Kola borehole is located within the Arctic circle in the far Northwest corner of Russia. It was the longest & deepest borehole in the world for nearly 20 years. Many Soviet Scientists began drilling the hole in 1970 & they continued drilling till reaching the depth of 40,230 ft in 1989. At first, they planned to bore through the earth’s crust & into upper mantle without knowing what would happen as there were fears of seismic disaster upon the world. One of the unexpected finds was 24 different species of microfossils at 6.7kms below the earth. However, the project was abandoned as the rock flowed back into the borehole due to temperatures in excess of 350F. In all, we can say that Kola Superdeep borehole was one of the most ambitious as well as dangerous scientific experiments ever performed.
2. Trinity test
The world’s first nuclear bomb test was the trinity test conducted by United states army on July 16, 1945, as part of Manhattan Project. To measure the key aspects of the reaction, three observation bunkers were located at around 10,000 yards north, west & south. But scientists biggest concern was the control of the radioactivity the test device would release. Heatwave spread across the desert & everything went from darkness to brilliant shine seconds after the trinity test explosion. After the success of the trinity test both kinds of bombs, the plutonium design & uranium design are available for use in war. Trinity site was declared a National historic landmark district in 1965 & is now open to visitors only on first Saturdays of April & October.
3. Large Hadron Collider
The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s largest & most powerful particle accelerator cum collider. When it went live in September 2008, some people thought that the large Hadron Collider would end the world. Two high energy particle beams travel extremely fast close to the speed of light before collision inside the accelerator. Moreover, thousands of magnets of different sizes are used to direct the beams around the accelerator. Around 96 tonnes of superfluid helium-4 is needed to keep the magnets at their operating temperature of 1.9k, thus LHC is the largest cryogenic facility in the world at liquid helium temperature.