As we all know that the latest technological advancements have made our lives easier & comfortable in all aspects. Still the people all over the world want some more as it’s not that we use technology, we live technology. Technological advancements are the solutions to the present global challenges & thus we are putting a spotlight on next generation farming. Next generation farms will be using science & technology to grow more with less effort. Four major interesting developments which farmers will start using soon for better yields are:
1. The Mathematics Revolution
Many of us won’t believe that the power of advanced mathematics can be used effectively to boost the productivity. Now there’s no need to do any guesswork to plant crops as farmers can know the best time to plant crops by looking at the historical data & simulation models to make higher crop yields. Moreover mathematical revolution can help a farmer to schedule everything right from the harvest to loading trucks & that too in a way that ensures fresh crop yields in the market. Farmers all over the world will lead a happier life now as the mathematical revolution has given a new power to the whole agricultural supply chain. In addition, the revolution will also help farmers to make informed decisions about using our natural resources.
2. The Sensing Revolution
This revolution moves a step ahead than the Mathematical revolution as no simulation models & high-quality data is required here in the Sensing revolution. Moving into detail the advanced sensing technologies are used here to enable real-time understanding of all happenings on the farm. The networks of smart sensors monitor the nutrient of the soil as well as the plant’s water & nitrogen needs. This smart way will help a farmer to optimize irrigation, conserve resources & maximize yields. Moreover, the optimal usage of natural resources will also help us to preserve our environment. The sensor technology will also be used for livestock as their collars will be equipped with GPS & biometric sensors to allow monitoring their location & their health also.
3. Automation with Agricultural Robots
Agricultural Robots works hand in hand with advanced mathematics & high resolution sensing to ensure perfect planting, harvesting & irrigation. These energy efficient robots work in a network to monitor weather conditions & harvest crops without any need for human action. Thus resulting in fewer farm injuries & less environmental waste. The project of Agricultural robots is currently at testing stage & will soon be started to help farmers.
4. Plant breeding for corn
Higher productivity in agriculture is a necessity now as the world’s population will reach 2 billion in the decades ahead. So the need to grow plants in a smarter way & breed better plants arises. Eventually, the development of corn hybrids is selected to make a vast change in the yield delivered per acre. Today the main aim of corn breeding is to improve the adaptation of corn to temperature & various environments.
5. Closed Ecological Systems
These systems do no rely on the exchange of matter outside the designed Ecological System. The superbly developed closed ecological systems would transform waste products into oxygen, food & water to support the plants & other life-forms inhabiting the system. At present, such systems exist on small scales but soon these ecological systems will be used for large-scale plantations also.
6. Synthetic biology
Synthetic biology is a kind of programmed biology or we can say the expansion of biotechnology with goals to design, build & remediate engineered biological systems. However, these Biological systems are made to process information, manipulate chemicals, fabricate materials & structures, produce energy, provide food & maintain human health & our environment.
7. Vertical Farming
Vertical farming is a natural extension of urban agriculture which cultivates plant or animal life within dedicated skyscrapers in urban settings. Vertical farming uses techniques similar to glass houses as they augment natural light to produce year round crops. Other advantages of Vertical farming include crop protection from changing weather, supports urban food autonomy & reduced transportation costs.
All these advancements will continue to develop in the coming years, thus, it is clear that the future of agriculture is bright. Now it’s the prime responsibility of our government that these wonderful technologies must reach small farmers also as the opportunities for small farmers to increase income & overcome poverty lie in diversification towards high-value crops.